BEER! Hipster Juice, or Survival Strategy?

Beer is obviously infused into our culture here in the Northwest. And it seems that every label has reached full tilt in terms of hops potency, not being satisfied until it tastes like sparkling grapefruit juice. But I am here to reclaim the traditional ingredients of beer. Let’s revisit the full spectrum of flavors enjoyed by our early ancestors. For example, residues of hawthorne, jujube, sweet clover, jasmine, and hemp have been found on brewing vessels made of clay in China. Archaeologists have also uncovered medical prescriptions written on papyrus from 1600 B.C. which included herbal beers as therapy. The ancient Egyptians were using tree resins such as frankincense, myrrh, pine, and fir, along with herbs such as coriander, cumin, mandrake, and wormwood.

These brews provided much needed nutrition for the intense, hard labor of that time, and everyone drank them, even children. Of course, the alcohol content of early brews was often much lower than modern beer, because the focus was not always inebriation. Early beers served as a safe means of hydration, when water itself was often tainted with harmful bacteria. Beer was also an effective sedative, analgesic, and disinfectant. It’s mind altering effects were used in religious and funerary ceremonies. But most importantly, the flavor profiles you can achieve leave hoppy beers flat.

Making herbal beers adds adventure and complexity to each bottle. If you already brew, my advice is to brew a tea of your chosen herbal blend before making it into a beer. If you like the blend as a tea, it will make great beer. I tend to gravitate toward the earthy roots and barks for darker beers, and flowers and leaves for the lighter ales. If you aren’t already a homebrewer, but might want to experiment, I have written a simple book that requires no special equipment, called Brew Your Medicine. It shows you step by step how to make beer from items you probably already have. A couple of gallon jugs and some balloons would suffice. A trip to Homebrew Heaven on 12th street for your yeast and barley, then to Hawthorne’s on State Street for your herbs, and for about $15, you can have yourself a couple gallons of healing homebrew.

Kristi Shapla will be writing monthly columns related to alternative health and natural living. She has a degree in molecular biology, is a graduate of East West School of Planetary Herbology, is a licensed massage therapist, and is the president of the Oregon Chapter of the American Herbalist Guild. You can visit her in her new shop where she works as a clinical herbalist and massage therapist downtown at Hawthorne’s, 329 State Street.


Medical cannabis dispensaries face onerous fees

Local medical cannabis dispensaries are frustrated by what they see as punishing requirements and charges imposed by the City of Salem.

“I do have an issue with these fees,” says Mark Cusick, owner of Herbal Grasslands LLC on Commercial and President of the Salem Cannabis Industry Association.  “We’re charged $220 for a license fee, $481 for a semi-annual police inspection, and $160 for a background check for each employee, investor or volunteer.  The city just required another background check for me, even though I was checked by the State in March 2014 and will be checked again next March when we go through the license renewal process.  That’s a lot of money for a legitimate, law-abiding business to throw away.”

A city council vote on October 27th established a City regulatory program for medical marijuana facilities and meant that every medical dispensary in town had until November 7 to pay for a structural plans review, a Fire Department review and a building permit for an exchange/filtration system.  Cusick chafes at the costly HVAC inspection, which was intended to make sure no slight odor from the sealed, contained product, will waft outside.   He and other dispensary owners feel that in practical terms, the requirement means a double standard that penalizes a legal business.  “The Mexican restaurant next door didn’t have to have an HVAC inspection,” Cusick says, “and they’re in there actually cooking all day.”

Loren Kruesi of 2nd Step Dispensary of Salem chafes at being asked to pay $575 for his own HVAC inspection as well as the additional $718 registration charge.  He says the architect expense the City required is costing him a daunting amount as well.  “I heard we needed a site review,” Kruesi says.  “I didn’t know what a site review was.  I come to find out that it takes an architect, and might cost my business $1,400.  These city officials seem to think people who run clinics have golden horseshoes dropping out.  But the majority are in business to help people who need a medicine that doesn’t have the horrible side effects of major pharmaceutical products.”

Though medical marijuana dispensary owners praise the city staff that help them thread their way through regulations, they feel that if they ran another business – a restaurant, a grocery store, even a bar – the regulations themselves would be much different.

“Take this $160 per-person background check,” Kruesi says.  “It doesn’t cost that much to get a background check to get a gun.  We have eleven employees here; what am I supposed to do, lay some people off so I can pay that fee?”

“The form they have us fill out,” says Amy Zimmerman, owner of 1st Choice Cannabis of Salem, “for our employees and even our volunteers, is extremely detailed, and stronger than what our teachers, who teach our children, go through.”

As part of the new regulations the Salem Police Department is required to perform administration and enforcement.  The $481 fee dispensaries must pay twice a year for police inspections are meant to help cover this.

“Yeah, we are told that all these fees pay for a police presence,” Kruesi says, “but I’m really confused about ‘police presence.’  I’ve never heard of any incidents with medical dispensaries in Salem at all.  I know we’ve had none.  Whereas, all these taverns and bars have drunken brawls on Saturday nights – how many times do you think the police are called to them in a year?  You type ‘bar fight, Salem OR’ in a search engine, and a lot will come up.  But none of those bars are asked to pay this business fee.”

“I get that the city is struggling,” Cusick says, “and this is a way for the city to add to the coffers.  But to tax a specific industry when you don’t tax others is wrong.  The more fees you levy on a legitimate industry, the higher the cost is to end-users.  And the greater those costs, the more likely it is that the black market will thrive.”

Alterative Health and Wellness Fair

Good health is something that concerns most people, and alternatives to traditional Western medicine are gaining credibility by leaps and bounds.  If you are interested in these kinds of things, wander into Reed Opera House on November 1st. for the Salem Alternative Health and Wellness Fair.  The brainchild of three Salem women– Jenifer Trivelli,  M.S., Carmen Heidecke, M.A, and Manuela Terlinden, L.Ac.– the fair will have speakers and exhibits galore, showcasing a wide diversity of health-related stuff, much of which may be new to you. Take the opportunity to meet local practitioners and learn about a variety of topics ranging from nutrition, acupuncture and body-mind techniques, to counseling, hypnotherapy and the use of essential oils.

Stress getting to you?  At 10:30 am, Carmen Heidecke, MA, will tell you how to prevent and resolve trauma and stress-related conditions using Somatic Experiencing, QuiGong, and Interpersonal Neurobiology, among other modalities.  If you are still feeling a bit on edge after that, Gan Qiang, local instructor, will demonstrate the ancient and meditative discipline of Tai Chi at 11:00am.

Need more information on nutrition and diet?  Jessica Kouka, a Certified Nutritional Therapy Practitioner, will be talking on that subject at 11:30.  Jessica will explain how she can evaluate your nutritional needs and create a nutritional plan tailored especially for you, based on the teaching of the Weston Price Foundation.  Want more information?  At noon, Dr. Luke Gonzales, of Deep Roots Family medicine here in Salem, will speak about digestive health, followed by Certified Nutritionist Patti Bowman and a discussion on the benefits of Vitamin B 12.

Emotional, spiritual, and mental health are just as important to overall well-being, so check out artist, writer, and mental health counselor Beth Swain, M.A. who, at 2:00 pm will talk on Archetypal Patterns as a guide for life, and will speak again at 5 pm with a session on brain function and biofeedback.  Glen Bledsoe, Certified Hypnotherapist, speaks at 4 pm on hypnotherapy and its role in stress reduction, weight loss and smoking cessation.

Pets need good health too, so don’t miss Dr. Julie DeMarco, of Whole Pet Veterinary care, who uses acupuncture to treat many of her patients.  She will speak about the holistic approach to animal health at 3:00 pm.

The day promises a plethora of new information and the chance to meet and talk with some of Salem’s outstanding alternative health care providers.  You will leave with lots of new ideas about ways to increase and maintain your health and well-being.

After such a busy day in pursuit of good health, you may feel the need of a bite to eat, or a stiff drink.  If so, check out one of downtown Salem’s many wonderful gathering places, specializing in fresh local food and libations.  There are too many to list, but try the “Rosemary Press” at table 508 , which certainly sounds as if it has healthful properties, as does the absinthe-and-bitters containing Sazerac.  How about some Sangria at Andaluz ?  Red wine and citrus – chock full of antioxidants and vitamins, I am sure. Rafn’s specializes in grass-fed, organic local meats and produce, and The Kitchen on Court offers fresh tacos and vegan options.  Or try Maven for a local cheese board and charcuterie.  With a glass of Pinot, perhaps?

We all know about longevity and red wine.  A votre santé! 

To label or not to label

What’s a GMO? Are they beneficial or harmful? Should we eat them?

These are some of the questions writer and director Jeremy Seifert attempts to answer in his new documentary “GMO OMG,” playing on Thursday, October 9th as part of Salem’s Progressive Film Series.

Seifert sets out on the roads of America to learn about GMOs, and to answer these questions and more. He loads his two children into the family minivan to visit farms, seed merchants, environmentalists, and the chemical companies themselves in his quest for basic GMO knowledge.  The movie is somewhat of a travelogue of agricultural America, with side trips to Haiti, Norway, and France.  Featured heavily are the director himself and his two young boys, for whom he says he is doing the research.

We learn that a GMO is a Genetically Modified Organism, usually a food product like corn, rice or soy, which has been modified at the genetic level.  The sophisticated transformation is performed by huge chemical companies like Monsanto, DuPont and Bayer who aim to make plants immune to herbicides and pesticides and increase crop yields in that way

GMOs are ubiquitous in America. Almost all processed foods in the country contain them.  For example, corn syrup is a sweetening ingredient in huge numbers of foods Americans eat, from ice cream to soup to ketchup, and 85% of U.S. corn is grown from genetically modified seeds.  Also, most meats sold in grocery stores come from animals that were fed GMO corn.

The film points out that the possible harms caused by eating GMO products remain largely unknown; the chemical companies themselves mostly author the few studies that have been done, and these companies will not release the data.

Still, because of the possible risks, over 60 countries now require the labeling of GMO foods, including the huge markets of Russia, India and China.  In contrast many U.S. states have attempted to require GMO labeling, but none so far has succeeded. On November 4 Oregonians will vote on Measure 92, a ballot measure requiring labeling, so the screening of OMG GMO couldn’t be timelier.

Monsanto routinely threatens to sue states that attempt to pass such regulations, and – as Oregon voters can expect to see in upcoming weeks – agro-chemical corporations bankroll massive ad campaigns to defeat them.

While Seifert claims to just be neutrally looking for information, most of the film leans strongly against the use of GMO’s.  At one point Seifert vehemently asks “Where is the outrage?”  One reason for the anti-GMO slant may be that, perhaps predictably, none of the chemical companies involved would talk to the filmmaker to present their side of the story.

Interesting exceptions include farmers and seed merchants who are ambivalent about GMO technology.

GMO OMG uses voice-over narration, graphics, talking heads, and words on the screen, elements that are interspersed with bountiful footage of nature and farmland.  This makes for a fairly brisk if occasionally chaotic 90 minutes.

Two experts will speak after the screening and lead a discussion with the audience.  One is Scott Bates, from Oregon Right to Know, a pro-Measure-92 group.  According to Bates, “Oregonians have a variety of reasons to want to know whether their foods are genetically engineered or not.  This can range from their own health concerns to more general concerns because of pesticide exposure, to not wanting to support the environmental detriments that GMO crops are ravaging in this country.”

The second speaker is Ivan Mulaski, director of Friends of Family Farmers in Mollala.  Mulaski represents Oregon farm interests in the debate over GMOs and says genetically modified plants threaten the stability of farmers.  “GE apples, potatoes, salmon and wheat that are being approved now, or are currently being tested,” he says, “could negatively impact markets for Oregon producers of these foods.”  Mulaski says that lax federal and state oversight over GE food products has negatively impacted Oregon farmers and pose a “serious economic risk” especially to the Willamette Valley’s specialty seed and fresh market vegetable industries.



Salem Progressive Film Series

Guest speakers & audience discussion follow, 


Thursday, October 9, 7 p.m.

The Grand Theater

191 High St. NE, Salem


Rick Steves: Travel as a Political Act

If you’ve ever smoked pot – even if you didn’t inhale – or knew anyone who smoked pot, you probably support Yes on 91, the initiative to legalize marijuana in Oregon.  Turns out, an increasing majority of your fellow citizens do.  Regardless of your past or current practices, if you are at all interested in the issue of marijuana legalization, you should show up on the evening of October 8, where archetypal travel maven Rick Steves will be speaking on the subject.

It may seem a big leap from explicating European tours to advocating for the Magical Mystery Tour, especially given Steve’s clean-cut “innocents abroad” image.  However, in his wide-ranging travels, Steves has seen how other countries take a more realistic approach to controlling marijuana use –focusing on harm reduction rather than incarceration – by controlling and taxing the weed, much like this country does with alcohol.  Steves, a Washington State native, co-sponsored his state’s successful ballot measure to regulate, legalize and tax marijuana.  He has produced a TV show on the topic with the ACLU, and has been a board member of NORML, the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, since 2003.  “But,” he says on his website, “I am certainly not “pro-drugs.” I simply appreciate how much of Europe treats its drug problems in a pragmatic way,” Steves said in a press release.

“What most European countries have in common is an emphasis on education and prevention. They believe that, by handling drug abuse more as a public health problem than as a criminal one.”  Steves has said he has occasionally used marijuana, first while traveling in Afghanistan in the 1970s. “One thing I’ve learned in 30 years of travel is that treating marijuana as a crime does not work.”

The evening promises to be interesting and informative so pass that doobie and make your way to the Grand Theater on October 8.  Oh, and in Portland?  The same talk will cost you ten bucks.  In Salem, it’s free.  How cool is that?

New position for Indigo Wellness

Indigo Wellness, the respected yoga and health center, is moving and consolidating.

After nearly five years operating from both a studio off the alley between Liberty and Commercial Streets downtown and from a satellite Center for chiropractic, massage and acupuncture on 12th Street SE, all Indigo Wellness services in September will be moving under the single roof of the Pringle Park Plaza location.

“It means a fully comprehensive wellness center,” says Gerry Hjeinberg, studio manager.  “Beginning yoga, therapeutic massage, high-end yoga and meditation, coupled with chiropractic, acupuncture, massage and other healing arts so that people can come to one location where all these services are combined.”

Hjeinberg says that, as state capitol, Salem is a bustling place.  Indigo Wellness, he says, “provides an opportunity for folks with very busy lives to stop, rest and come back to themselves.  At Indigo Wellness, they’ve always got a place to come back to the understanding of why they do what they do, and it rejuvenates them and enables them to do it again.”

Who Proves What about GMOs and Human Health?

Do GMOs cause health problems in people?  The governments of America, Canada and Australia say genetically engineered foods have proven their safety over the 20 years they have been part of the food chain.  According to the USDA, “the risks of genetically engineered (GE) organisms are not fundamentally different from risks posed by non-GE organisms with similar traits.”

Eighty transgenic crops have received regulatory clearance in our country, though only about a dozen are currently marketed for human consumption.  Because these dozen include corn and soy beans, though, 70% of US grocery store foods include GMO ingredients.

American federal agencies agree with highly respected and persuasive scientific institutions here and in Great Britain who maintain there is no evidence GMOs harm people.  These groups characterize GMO opponents as touchy-feely, mushy-headed conspiracy theorists who don’t understand hard science.

On the other side, opponents of GMOs say there is plenty of real evidence that GMO foods are unsafe.  They maintain that most of the entities who claim GMOs harmless have significant vested interest in them, that the vast majority of safety trials have been run by the biotech industry itself, without government oversight, and there is no public access to data produced in private that contradicts safety claims.  They also say there are virtually no long-term trials that would prove safety with more certainty.

Peer review, the process by which science checks and double-checks itself, is the most independent, reliable source of information we have today.  This research can generally guide our understanding of the facts better than any other source.

Having said that, the vast preponderance of published, peer reviewed studies state that GMOs are safe.  These studies have led to the theory of “substantial equivalence,” which means that GMO crops are presumed to be generally the same as non-GMOs in their effects.  Substantial equivalence has been adopted by many governments, and in practice, the theory means that no long-term studies need to be done.

Beyond substantial equivalence, a new term has developed called “biological relevance.”  This is used in cases where studies do show differences between animals fed genetically modified and non-genetically modified foods.  In practical terms, the result of biological relevance is that though there may be statistically significant effects of GMO -fed animals (such as changes in kidney and heart function, impaired immune symptoms, cellular changes in the liver and pancreas), they are not important enough to matter to regulators.

Research that shows a relationship between GMOs and health are attacked for reasons other than “substantial equivalence” and “biological relevance,” and these studies indicate the high emotion and level of scientific antipathy on both sides.

Many studies say GMOs cause damage to the beings that eat them.  Among them:
1) A Norwegian study published in 2007 found a number of significant differences in the liver and intestines of fish fed GM and non-GM corn (maize) and stated that, “GM maize seemed to induce significant changes in white blood cell populations which are associated with an immune response.”

2) A 2011 European study of GM plants showed that the toxins engineered into plants (to kill insects) had an effect on human cells, “and that they can present combined side-effects with other residues of pesticides specific to GM plants.”
Both sides of the issue site the American Medical Association.   The association says that people have eaten GM foods for close to 20 years and that “no overt consequences on human health have been reported and/or substantiated.”  It also says, however, “a small potential for adverse events exists,” including the possibility for “horizontal gene transfer, allergenicity and toxicity.”

The AMA agrees with scientists on both sides when it says, “regulation of bioengineered foods should be science-based and involve systematic safety assessments.”

Pro-GMO scientific perspectives can be found at Biotechnology FAQ USDA, and the opposing view at

Are you a guinea pig? -Film suggests you just might be

“We’re all part of a large, uncontrolled experiment,” says a genial elderly doctor, one of the many physicians and scientists who discuss the dangers of GMOs (genetically modified organisms) in the 2012 documentary, Genetic Roulette.

The film, directed and produced by consumer advocate Jeffrey M. Smith, is based on his 2007 book of the same name.  It describes the way GMO food plants, plants which have been genetically altered when DNA has been extracted from another species and injected into its DNA, are “new organisms that were not part of the evolutionary process.”  The film argues that the human body has a profoundly inflammatory reaction to the unfamiliar components in GMO food and suggests that this is a major contributor to the skyrocketing rates of heart disease, kidney disease, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and cancer – and many other serious afflictions – in our country.

Genetic Roulette will be presented as part of Salem’s Progressive Film Series on February 14.  After the showing, three speakers will engage with the audience; Ken Roseboro who publishes The Non-GMO Sourcebook, George Kimbrell, senior attorney for the Center for Food Safety’s office in Portland and Kim Goodwin, director of Oregonians for Farm and Food Rights.

The film suggests that hundreds of cases of serious illness in children and adults around the world have been linked to GMO food.  South African farmers growing GMO cotton have died, buffalo in India have died, and in the States there has been an epidemic of autistic children.

The sheer bulk of incidences arguing a ‘link’ is compelling, though it may be frustrating for viewers who value the scientific method to find the film presents no controlled studies that show the connection as hard data.  A multitude of scientists are concerned, and discuss the issue with examples, but critical viewers will notice that the connection is usually anecdotal, circumstantial or by inference.

The filmmaker suggests this lack of hard supporting evidence is because the vast majority of studies have been conducted by the powerful biotech industry itself rather than by independent agencies, and that the Federal Department of Agriculture (FDA) which oversees the matter, is run by “a Monsanto man.”  The FDA hasn’t required impartial testing, the film says, and has allowed the industry to essentially regulate itself without oversight.

Genetic Roulette describes cases of researchers who’ve found incriminating results being hounded by government and biotech interests, in particular Arpad Pusztai, a respected Hungarian biochemist who was fired and censured after his research showed that feeding genetically modified potatoes to rats compromised their immune systems.

It may be a shortcoming of Genetic Roulette that the FDA is never given opportunity to present much of an official position.

Viewers curious about the topic will find Genetic Roulette an introduction to genetically engineered food that takes a definite, anti-GMO position from first frame to the last.  It is not a balanced film and not without flaw; outright inaccuracies are presented unchallenged, such as “25, 30, 35 years ago no one was allergic to anything.” It even suggests that the lifetime births per American women, which has fallen for a multitude of reasons, is proof of a decline in fertility – and links this with consumption of GE crops.

Genetic Roulette is at its best when it presets information like how 44,000 pages of findings by FDA scientists who had found, among other things, that there could be a link between GMO foods to health problems, were hidden for six years.  When the documents were released in 1998, the FDA did not pursue them.

The film may be a wake-up call to some and pure bluster to others, but it’s a compelling introduction to an issue that will be important for decades to come.


Genenic Roulette

Salem Progressive Film Series
Febuary 14,  7pm
Grand Theatre
191 High Street Downtown Salem

Action anyone can take -with miracle results

There is a simple, gentle low-impact exercise, accessible to almost everyone over the age of two, that helps prevent diabetes, heart disease, and dementia, reduces the risk of stroke, increases the odds of cancer survival, and is shown to improve your sex life.  It’s safe, simple, requires no practice, equipment, or –important in these cash-strapped times– expensive gym membership. It can be performed almost anytime, anywhere and it will set you back only the price of a decent pair of shoes.  Can you guess?  Have you got it?  That’s right, smarty-pants!  It’s walking!

From my house in an older Salem neighborhood, I walk to the grocery store, the park, Olinger pool, the Saturday Market, and downtown.  I can walk to Joe Mocha’s and meet a friend for morning coffee or to Word of Mouth Bistro for lunch.  I can walk to the drycleaners, to Christo’s Pizza and the Salem Cinema. If my kids were young, they could walk to Englewood School, Parrish Middle School, or North Salem High.  If I hung out in bars, I could walk to one of several in the neighborhood and stagger home without risk of jail time.   Walking has the great advantage of multi-tasking: not only do you increase muscle, lose fat, and lower bad cholesterol, you can run errands!

You can check the “walkscore” of your neighborhood on Type in your address and get a list of places to which you can walk, as well as a cute Google Maps photo of your house.  (One caveat:  I found the score for my address too low – many of the destinations I walk to were not listed.  But you can add destinations and increase your neighborhood’s walk score with the click a button).

Before you start walking all over town, I recommend getting a good pair of shoes, preferably water-proof.  There are tons of places to buy walking shoes in Salem, but I particularly like Gallagher Fitness on Commercial Street in downtown Salem.  It’s a local business, and the staff is friendly and helpful.  They still measure feet at Gallagher’s, and an expert will help you find the right shoes and right fit for your walking style.  They offer lots of clinics and classes as well – for instance, in March. Gallagher’s is offering a Women’s Beginning Walking and Running Clinic for those who are female and need help getting motivated.

My biggest motivation block is the weather.  I whine a lot when it’s rainy and cold.  It seems so easy to just jump in the car and run to the grocery.  But, I remind myself, walking also saves gas, and the planet!  I sigh, button up my sweater, pull on my raincoat and gloves.  In my water-proof walking shoes, I am unstoppable.

Pilates for your body & attitude -Staying Flexible

My friend, her husband, and I stared for a long moment at their Mini, parked at the curb.  “I’ll sit in the back,” I volunteered, and commenced to fold myself pretzel-like, retreating backwards, surprisingly graceful, into the tiny space in the rear.  “I wish I were that flexible!” said my friend, who is several years my junior.

“It’s because I do Pilates,” I answered, a little smugly. Here let me say: I am not the athletic type. In fact, I consider most sports fairly dangerous.  For exercise I walk, and take a Pilates mat class, where, for the most part, I can lie flat on the floor and there seems little risk of injury.

Pilates is a series of low-impact movements and exercises that improve posture and increase core strength, flexibility, and balance – all extremely important abilities to those, like me, of a certain age.  If you were to observe a roomful of folks doing Pilates exercises it wouldn’t look like they were doing very much – no jumping about, no flapping or jiggling.

But when you have done an hour’s worth of Pilates, your muscles announce their existence quite forcefully.

Like yoga, Pilates engages both the body and the mind, emphasizing concentration, centering, control, and breathing.  Originated by Joseph Pilates, in Germany in early 1900s, Pilates exercises help build muscle strength, and endurance in the legs, abdomen, arms, hips, and back. Emphasis is placed on spinal and pelvic alignment.  The Pilates system allows for different exercises to be modified in range of difficulty; intensity is increased over time as one’s body adapts to the exercises.

When I first began Pilates nearly 10 years ago, I was surprised to find that I liked it; it’s the only exercise routine I have been able to stick with for more than a few weeks. I found Pilates challenging and engaging – in contrast to other workouts I have tried where I found myself easily bored.  Because I travel a lot, I don’t go to class as often as I should, but once back into the routine, I notice how much better I feel almost immediately– more energetic, more cheerful, more balanced in both mind and body. More flexible.
And maybe a little smug.

There are many places to take Pilates in the Salem area; I study with Sara Hillman at Indigo Wellness Center, Downtown.  Sara teaches straight Pilates on Monday and Wednesday at 12:10 p.m. and a Pilates/Yoga Fusion class on Saturday at 9:45 am.  For more information you can access the website at  Pilates is listed under the Yoga schedule.